THE MONTREUX OBERLAND BERNOIS (MOB) RAILWAY

The Montreux Oberland Bernois Railway (French: Chemin de fer Montreux Oberland bernois, German: Montreux Berner Oberland Bahn, abbreviated MOB) is a railway operating in southwest Switzerland is one of the oldest electric railways in the country ; its main line is 62.4 km (38.8 mi) in length built to 1000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) gauge – connects Montreux, Gstaad and Zweisimmen where passengers can transfer to the BLS AG owned and standard gauge – Zweisimmen to Spiez line. There is also a 12.9 km (8.0 mi) branch-line from Zweisimmen to Lenk

THE MONTREUX OBERLAND BERNOIS (MOB) RAILWAY
THE MONTREUX OBERLAND BERNOIS (MOB) RAILWAY : LAKE GENEVE IN THE BACKDROP ON AN AMAZING SNOWY WINTERY DAY WITH BLUE, WHITE, GREEN COLOURS
THE MONTREUX OBERLAND BERNOIS (MOB) RAILWAY : LAKE GENEVE IN THE BACKDROP ON AN AMAZING SNOWY WINTERY DAY WITH BLUE, WHITE, GREEN COLOURS
THE MONTREUX OBERLAND BERNOIS (MOB) RAILWAY : LAKE GENEVE IN THE BACKDROP ON AN AMAZING SNOWY WINTERY DAY WITH BLUE, WHITE, GREEN COLOURS
THE MONTREUX OBERLAND BERNOIS (MOB) RAILWAY : LAKE GENEVE IN THE BACKDROP ON AN AMAZING SNOWY WINTERY DAY WITH BLUE, WHITE, GREEN COLOURS
THE MONTREUX OBERLAND BERNOIS (MOB) RAILWAY : LAKE GENEVE IN THE BACKDROP ON AN AMAZING SNOWY WINTERY DAY WITH BLUE, WHITE, GREEN COLOURS
THE MONTREUX OBERLAND BERNOIS (MOB) RAILWAY : AN AMAZING SNOWY WINTERY DAY WITH BLUE, WHITE, GREEN COLOURS
THE MONTREUX OBERLAND BERNOIS (MOB) RAILWAY : AN AMAZING SNOWY WINTERY DAY WITH BLUE, WHITE, GREEN COLOURS
THE MONTREUX OBERLAND BERNOIS (MOB) RAILWAY : AN AMAZING SNOWY WINTERY DAY WITH BLUE, WHITE, GREEN COLOURS
THE MONTREUX OBERLAND BERNOIS (MOB) RAILWAY : AN AMAZING SNOWY WINTERY DAY WITH BLUE, WHITE, GREEN COLOURS

History and route

  • The main line of the MOB was opened in stages –
  • The first – from Montreux to Les Avants (10.9 km or 6.8 mi) on 17 December 1901 followed by the Les Avants to Montbovon (11.2 km or 7.0 mi) section on 1 October 1903
  • The next stages from Montbovon to Château-d’Œx (10.6 km or 6.6 mi) and then Gstaad (13.1 km or 8.1 mi) followed on 19 August 1904 and 20 December 1904 respectively, the final 16.6 km (10.3 mi) of the line reaching Zweisimmen on 6 July 1905
  • The spur line to Lenk was opened in 1912
  • From the very start – the MOB had the character of a mainline railway and, at an early stage through trains with dining and saloon coaches were introduced
  • The creation of the Golden Mountain Pullman Express in 1931 was unfortunately at a time of world economic crisis and this accounted for its lack of success
  • The saloon coaches 103–106 built for this train by Compagnie Internationale des Wagons-Lits (CIWL) were sold to the Rhaetian Railway in 1939 where they are still in use (As 1141–44)
  • Two of the original (1913–14 built) coaches have been restored by the MOB and are used for “Chocolate train” services in the summer months, but still regularly find work on the main line “Classic train” services on Sundays throughout the year
  • The modern successor of this luxury train is the Golden Pass Panoramic Express, which for the past few years has aroused growing enthusiasm
  • The MOB begins its journey in Montreux, departing trains normally making use of platform 5 and arrivals platform 6 between the Swiss Federal Railway platforms and those of the rack and pinion railway to the Rochers de Naye
  • Winding its way up through the vineyards above Lake Geneva via Chamby as far as Les Avants, the line passes through the crown tunnel under the Col de Jaman to reach the Saane Valley
  • In Montbovon there is a connection to the Transports Publics Fribourgeois (TPF; previously GFM) network
  • Following the Saane upstream, passing the famous hot-air ballooning centre of Château-d’Oex, it leaves the French-speaking canton of Vaud near Rougemont and enters the German-speaking canton of Berne
  • After Saanen the planners would have liked a direct ascent of the Sannenmöser Pass but without the aid of a rack and pinion system this was impossible and the line was diverted to loop around the village of Gstaad, adding greatly to the development and prosperity of the community
  • Beyond Gstaad railway station it begins the climb to the head of Saanenmöser Pass, the highest point on the line at 1270 m (3937 ft). On the other side it descends the Simmen Valley to Zweisimmen, where there is a connection to the standard gauge line of the BLS to Spiez
  • Over the years, while passenger traffic boomed, freight traffic diminished with 2006 seeing the end of cement transport between Montreux and Saanen and the transport of standard gauge wagons on transporter bogies between Zweisimmen and stations to Rougemont and Lenk
  • By the end of the year the MOB was a passenger only operation, however in Spring 2007 the company purchased nine gravel (hopper) wagons and two surplus locomotives from the TPF. The MOB now operates this transport from Grandvillard (on the TPF line) to Saanen
  • The Lenk branch retraces this route for a very short distance before continuing on its own trackbed
  • Because of its poor state of repair, this line was closed on 14 June 1975
  • However, it was fully modernized between 1977 and 1979, having new tracks and overhead lines, reopening on 27 September 1979
  • New rolling stock was purchased to operate this line together with the weekdays school service between Zweisimmen and Saanen
  • Since reopening it has been included in the regular operating schedule of the MOB with timetabled connections to the main line services
  • To celebrate the centenary of the opening of the Lenk line (June 2012) the MOB arranged a week of festivities with a dinner, special fares and operation and display of rolling stock usually to be found on museum lines, particularly that at Blonay-Chamby
  • Modernisation program
  • In Spring 2008 the MOB announced a four-year plan to modernise the railway infrastructure and rebuild stations to bring them all into the 21st century
  • This programme began with the demolition of little used facilities; the goods shed in Gstaad and the shed in Château-d’Œx, this latter structure being replaced by a free-standing shelter, for example.
  • During 2008 much work took place on the overhead line equipment with replacement supports being positioned along the line although not brought into use they stand ready for the new wiring
  • New deeper ballasting has taken place along many sections of the line and this will be continued until the line has all been done
  • The work at Gstaad consisted of a complete rebuilding of the platforms to full height and simplification of the track layout
  • After almost 100 years the station got platform canopies and passenger operated lifts linked by a pedestrian underpass
  • During this rebuilding the station was reduced to a single line. The canopy is of wooden construction supported on metal uprights
  • The new layout gives the original platform as No.1 with the new island platform being Nos. 2 and 3
  • During the early part of 2010, by the end of May, the stations underwent a rebranding along with those of other lines which come under the “Golden Pass” banner
  • All were fitted with signs bearing the new “Golden Pass” logo and name alongside the station nameboards, which were retained in their original colours
  • One of the smallest stations / halts, Les Combes, between Château-d’Œx and Rougemont, was given a new, raised platform during Autumn 2011 leaving only the waiting shelter as original, quite a lot of money spent for so few passengers
  • Work commenced on the rebuilding of Château-d’Œx station in mid – September 2013 and plans were published in the local newspaper with details of the work which is carried out in three phases and completed by the end of 2014
  • Throughout the work the passing loop facility was maintained and raised platforms constructed reached by subways from the station front
  • Construction work was delayed and the station officially reopened on 28 November 2015

kkscenter

Next Post

RIGI RAILWAYS : HIGHEST STANDARD GUAGE RAILWAY IN EUROPE

Fri Oct 4 , 2019
Rigi Railways (German: Rigi Bahnen) is a group of railways on the mountain Rigi, located between two of the arms of Lake Lucerne, in Switzerland Rigi Railways (German: Rigi Bahnen) is a group of railways on the mountain Rigi, located between two of the arms of Lake Lucerne, in Switzerland They include two standard gauge rack railways, the Vitznau–Rigi Bahn […]
No Copying Please !
Don`t copy text!